Deploy Your Simple Node.js Application Using Local Docker Images in Minikube

Learn how to use a simple Node.js application to see how you can use your local images to build and deploy an application on minikube.

We have a simple Node.js application that we will use in this tutorial to demonstrate how you can use your local images to build and deploy an application on minikube.

Prerequisites:

What Is Minikube?

Minikube is a lightweight Kubernetes approach to run a simple cluster with only one node to test our applications. Minikube is available for Linux, macOS, and Windows systems. 

Tutorial

Make a new directory to store your simple application code. Clone this repo.

Once you’ve cloned the repo, do ‘npm install’ to install the required dependencies. 

Your application and the Dockerfile are now ready to build the application locally. The next step is to build the image on Minikube. Therefore, we must start the minikube using the following command:

minikube start

You should see the output on your terminal as something similar to the following:

This boots up the machines and resources required. 

Next, let’s give Minikube access to your local Docker images.

You should see the Dockerfile in the root folder that specifies the instructions to build the image:

FROM node:14-alpine AS development

ENV NODE_ENV development

# Add a work directory

WORKDIR /app

# Cache and Install dependencies

COPY package.json .

RUN npm install

# Copy app files

COPY . .

# Expose port

EXPOSE 3002

# Start the app

CMD [ "node", "app.js" ]

Furthermore, there’s a .dockerignore file that lets us exclude files from the context and makes your build faster. In this file, I have just included node_modules.

There’s a YAML file (deployment.yaml) in the root directory, which is the deployment configuration to run your web server on Kubernetes. Open the file, and you should see the following:

apiVersion: apps/v1

kind: Deployment

metadata:

 name: app-deployment

 labels:

   app: node-app

spec:

 replicas: 2

 selector:

   matchLabels:

     app: node-app

 template:

   metadata:

     labels:

       app: node-app

   spec:

     containers:

     - name: app-deployment

       image: pavansa/mumbai-app:latest

       resources:

         requests:

           cpu: "100m"

       imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent

       ports:

       - containerPort: 3002

ImagePullPolicy is set to ‘Never’ because we aren’t pulling any images from the image registry (like DockerHub). If you specify it as ‘Always,’ then the image will be searched from the registry and pulled eventually. 

Create the deployment with the following command:

kubectl apply -f deployment.yaml

The output on your terminal should be as follows:

deployment.apps/nodeapp created

Minikube doesn't have access to your local Docker images. That means it’s time to load the image onto the minikube.

Let’s build the image on the minikube directly with the following command:

minikube image build -t mynode/app .

[Syntax: minikube image build -t  <image name> .]

You should see the following output:

Let’s verify this with the following command:

kubectl logs deployment.apps/nodeapp

Once you run the above command, you will see the application running message, which will look similar to the following:

Server is up on localhost:3002

Check the browser, and you should see the following message:

You can also verify this by going to the Docker Desktop Dashboard. You should see the container running.

Congratulations! You have containerized and pushed your application onto the minikube cluster. 

Deploying with Harness CD

Minikube works great as long as you are learning and experimenting with a small team, but what if your project isn’t small and there’s a sizable number of developers working on it? Then, you can leverage the power of Harness CD to deploy your applications. Harness CD makes Kubernetes deployments easy and provides a single pane of glass across your pipelines. 

Sign up for a free trial of Harness and select the TryNextGen tab for a seamless experience. Create a new project and select the Continuous Delivery module. Start creating a new pipeline, and add all the details that your pipeline needs. 

Note: For Harness to do its magic, you need something called a ‘Delegate’ to be running on your Kubernetes cluster. Don’t worry, we have a simple tutorial to help you set up the Delegate

Next, specify the service, infrastructure and deployment strategy for your application. Once everything is set, save the configuration and run to deploy the application.

There you go! Once the pipeline runs successfully, you should see your application deployed on the specified Kubernetes cluster. That can be verified via the kubectl command ‘kubectl get pods’.

Thank you again for reading—and don’t forget to sign up for the Harness CD free trial.

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